FACTBOX: From Audi to Toyota, duties could upend Mexico output
4 June 2019 - Automotive News
President Donald Trump said on Thursday a tariff of 5 percent would be imposed on all goods coming from Mexico, increasing gradually each month until it reaches 25 percent on Oct. 1, unless Mexico takes immediate action to curb illegal immigration.
Such a move would likely hit the auto industry looking particularly vulnerable. Vehicles and auto parts comprised Mexico's biggest export item to the United States in 2018, totalling $93.3 billion, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
Automakers have long built vehicles in Mexico, taking advantage of the country's cheap labor, trade deals and proximity to the United States, the world's largest auto market after China.
A look at Mexican production and export figures for automakers in 2018, supplied by the Mexican Automotive Industry Association:
Production: 834,414 vehicles. Exports: 811,954 vehicles.
The largest automaker in Mexico, with 14 manufacturing facilities.
Production: 762,408 vehicles. Exports: 496,333 vehicles.
Makes the most vehicles in Mexico among Japanese automakers. Exports from Mexico to the United States account for roughly one-quarter of its U.S. vehicle sales, industry experts say.
Produces the Sentra and Versa in Mexico for the U.S. market.
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles
Production: 639,022 vehicles. Exports: 630,967 vehicles.
Production: 435,373 vehicles. Exports: 377,437 vehicles.
The group last year opened the COMPAS plant in Aguascalientes, which it jointly operates with Renault-Nissan, to produce the A-class sedan. Originally the plant targeted annual production of up to 230,000 vehicles, but initial output has faced technical difficulties.
Production: 294,600 vehicles. Exports: 231,695 vehicles.
South Korean automaker said production includes 55,978 Verna small cars made for affiliate Hyundai Motor Co.
Production: 280,499 vehicles. Exports: 273,009 vehicles.
Production: 191,978 vehicles. Exports: 187,569 vehicles.
Production: 173,098 vehicles. Exports: 172,232 vehicles.
Production: 149,589 vehicles. Exports: 137,463 vehicles.
Production: 147,158 vehicles. Exports: 130,542 vehicles.
Japan's Denso Corp. and Aisin Seiki Co. have a manufacturing presence in Mexico.
Germany's Thyssenkrupp generates about 1 billion euros ($1.11 billion) of sales in Mexico, where it employs 4,300 staff. It produces steering systems, crankshafts, springs and anti-roll bars for the car industry.